Case Studies

What are Supercapacitors?

SIRIUS SUPERCAPICITOR

  • Anode and Cathode of same material
  • Uses Faradic Capacitance
    • Anode and Cathode are separated internally
    • No parasitic reactance or thermal runaway
  • 94% Graphene with 6% doping
  • Cobalt is used in trace amounts in diffuse layer
  • Adds surface area to the Anode to store the charge
  • Improves energy density and self-discharge

LITHIUM HYBRID BATTERIES

  • Anode and Cathode of dissimilar material
  • Uses chemical oxidation reduction (redox)
    • Potential for thermal runaway fire exists
    • Parasitic Reactance "plates" the Anode
  • Up to 200 grams of Lithium per kWH stored
  • Lithium exists in the liquid electrolyte of the battery
  • As electrons exit the battery, protons move internally
  • Improves energy density and self-discharge

Batteries Store Energy
Electrochemically

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Supercapacitors Store Energy
Electrochemically

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NO CHEMICAL REACTION EQUAL

NO CAPACITY DEGRADATION

NO THERMAL RUNAWAY

100% USABLE CAPACITY

NON-HAZARDOUS

NO HEAT GENERATED

HIGH C-RATE

HIGH EFFICIENCY

NON-HAZARDOUS

Sirius Supercapacitor vs. Chemical Battery

HIGHER CYCLE LIFE, GREATER EFFICIENCY, BETTER PERFORMANCE, GREEN

Cycles

Calendar Life

DC to DC Efficiency

Green

Supercapacitor / Chemical Battery Comparison
CHARACTERISTICSUPERCAPACITORSCHEMICAL BATTERIES
Cycle Life500,0001,500 - 5,000 Cycles
Calendar Life25 Years4-10 years
DC to DC efficiency(@25 ℃ )199%(constant over life)70% to 95%(degrades over life)
Useable Capacity (% of rated capacity & degradation over time)100% (constant over life)50% to 80% (degrades over life)
Temperature Range1-30℃ to + 80℃-20℃ to + 55℃
Max. Safe Rate of Charge1.7C - 2C0.1C - 0.5C
Max. Safe Rate of Discharge1.7C - 6C0.1C - 0.5C
ToxicityNon-Toxic / Non-HazardousHighly Toxic / Hazardous
VolatilityNon-VolatileHighly Volatile
Self-Discharge Rate in Storage2% / Month5% / Month

Sustainability benefits

ENABLING SUSTAINABILITY GOALS

Green – Non-toxic technology.

  • Carbon based graphene, paper, copper, aluminum
  • No hazardous materials – No hazardous disposal

Increased efficiency of renewable power

  • Store energy when it is being produced – use energy when needed

Reduce the need for “SPINNING RESERVE”

  • Lessen dependence on coal & gas fired generation plants

Financial Benefits

THE COST ADVANTAGES OVER LEAD ACID BATTERIES

25 year lifetime reduces operational replacement costs

Reduces the need for HVAC
Supercaps do not require Air Conditioning and can operate at 80C

Zero maintenance cost

Reduced fossil fuel
consumption

Energy Storage Products

Sirius Supercapacitor Warranty

SIRIUS SUPERCAP WARRANTY

  • 10 years Unconditional Warranty – No Degradation

TYPICAL VRLA & LI-ION BATTERY WARRANTY

  • 2 – 10 Year Conditional Warranty
  •    Pro-rated degradation
  •    Temp & cycle limited
2 orange supercapacitor modules in the shape of ammo-cans

Use Case - Off-Grid Cell Tower

Use Case - Off-Grid Cell Tower

STORAGE COMPARISON - CHEMICAL TO SUPERCAPACITOR (MT PATTERSON SITE)

42.6kWh:

12 Kilowatt Labs 3.55kWh Modules

POWER HANDLING

An electrical cabinet with various equipment and switches
16kW Vertiv Rectifiers 7
Solar Controllers

FULL COMMS FOR EVERY MODULE

A photo of an supercapacitor modules on a rack with a monitoring computer and keyboard
  • Charge/
    Discharege Rate
  • Current
    Charge State
  • Terminal
    Voltage
  • Charge/
    Discharege Rate
  • Current
    Charge State
  • Terminal
    Voltage

COST

A chart comparing costs of supercapacitors compared to lead-acid batteries

PRELIMINARY DATA:

Genset Runtime
Before – 24/7/365 Genset running constantly
After – Zero Genset hours

A chart comparing needed generator run-time for lead acid batteries vs supercapacitors
A chart comparing lead-acid battery life compared to supercapacitors

Use Case - FAA Weather Camera Program

Use Case - FAA Weather Camera Program

PRELIMINARY DATA

218 kWh of Supercapacitor Storage

12 Kilowatt Labs 3.55kWh Modules

Power Management System

Photo of an electrical utility panel and related equipment
12 Kilowatt Labs 3.55kWh Modules

Use Case - Tordrillo Mountain Lodge, Alaska

Use Case - FAA Weather Camera Program

PRELIMINARY DATA

POWER HANDLING

Photo of an electrical utility room with various equipment and wiring
Schneider Electric Inverters
And Solar Controllers

Power Management System

48 Kilowatt Labs 3.55kWh Modules

Use Case - AT&T Cell site Alamo, NV - 2020

AT&T Cell Site Alamo, NV - 2020

SUPERCAPS = LOWEST CAPEX & LOWEST OPEX

85.2 kWh:

24 Kilowatt Labs 3.55kWh Modules

POWER HANDLING

FULL COMMS FOR EVERY MODULE

A chart comparing costs of supercapacitors compared to lead-acid batteries

PRELIMINARY DATA:

Genset Runtime
Before – 24/7/365 Genset running constantly
After – Zero Genset hours

A chart comparing needed generator run-time for lead acid batteries vs supercapacitors
A chart comparing lead-acid battery life compared to supercapacitors